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Australia — Climate and Temperatures

Australia’s climate can vary greatly from one year to the next. The schematic below, and links on the right, present the main – but not all – influences upon the Australian climate. Influences will have varying levels of impact in different regions at different times of year. For details, please see the associated text.


In Australia, the seasons are defined by grouping the calendar months in the following way:

  • Spring – the three transition months September, October and November.
  • Summer – the three hottest months December, January and February.
  • Autumn – the transition months March, April and May.
  • Winter – the three coldest months June, July and August.

These definitions reflect the lag in heating and cooling as the sun appears to move southward and northward across the equator. They are also useful for compiling and presenting climate-based statistics on time scales such as months and seasons.

Australia Climate Influences
Australia Climate Influences

Rain in Australia: August
Rain in Australia: August

Rain in Australia: January
Rain in Australia: January

Temperatures Australia: August averages
Temperatures Australia: August averages

Temperatures Australia: January averages
Temperatures Australia: January averages

(Source: Australia Bureau of Meteorology; CC Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0 AU))

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