On the morning of 27 March 1814, General Andrew Jackson and an army of 3,300 men consisting of Tennessee militia, United States regulars and both Cherokee and Lower Creek allies attacked Chief Menawa and 1,000 Upper Creek or Red Stick warriors fortified in the “horseshoe” bend of the Tallapoosa River. To seal off the bend of the river, the Upper Creeks built an incredibly strong 400 yard long barricade made of dirt and logs. As the Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors swam the Tallapoosa and attacked from the rear, Jackson launched the militia and regular soldiers against the barricade. Facing overwhelming odds, the Red Sticks fought bravely yet ultimately lost the battle. Over 800 Upper Creeks died at Horseshoe Bend defending their homeland.
That was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14, which is considered part of the War of 1812.
In a peace treaty signed after the battle, both the Upper and Lower Creeks were forced to give the United States nearly 20 million acres of land in what is today Alabama and Georgia. The victory here brought Andrew Jackson national attention and helped him to be elected the seventh President of the United States in 1828. This 2,040-acre park preserves the site of the battle.
Read more here: Alabama — visiting the Yellowhammer State
Horseshoe Bend Military Park Information and Resources
12 mi north of Dadeville via Highway 280 and SR 22;
The park is situated in east Alabama. Reachable via Highway 49, which leads from Dadeville about 12 mi north to the park. Highway 280 leads to Dadeville.
The park is ca. 65 mi away from Montgomery: first head east on I-85, at Auburn turn northeast on Highway 280 until reaching Dadeville.
Closed Thanksgiving, December 25th and January 1st.
Official Website (NPS): https://www.nps.gov/hobe/